Security pilot equipment
PACTESUR proposes the financing of pilot equipments for securing public spaces with a specific attention to their integration in the urban landscape, natural and cultural heritage, aesthetics, design and urban mobility to avoid “bunkering” open public spaces. The idea is not to transform cities into fortified castles. In that sense, an answer will be given to the question of a Security by design, a concept that the EC wants to promote among European cities.
The pilot equipments will have in common to be implemented in 3 urban demonstrator public spaces in the 3 core partner cities, which are highly visited by both locals and tourists, defining them as “soft targets”.
They will reflect also the different approaches of the three cities in prioritizing securing public spaces.
The 3 pilot cities
Thus the city of Nice, forced to respond urgently to the trauma of the attacks of July 14th 2016 on the Promenade des Anglais and risk of other attacks, gave priority to dissuasive and expensive fixed infrastructures (especially on the very vulnerable Promenade des Anglais) which in the end must be integrated into a very restrictive urban landscape. Those equipments, whose effectiveness was verified with suppliers (thanks to crash tests) in case of ramming vehicle attacks, are visible and also have the advantage of reassuring at first glance the population and visitors.
Focus on Promenade des Anglais
The specific securityand anti-intrusion Nice pilot equipment consists of permanent devices allowing a reiforcement of the daily security along the northern side of the Promenade des Anglais (the southern side is bordered by the beach) :
- Longitudinal double retention handrail
- Intermediate post for double longitudinal restraint
- End pole for double longitudinal handrail retention
- Set of 10 high Security automatic retractable bollards
- Removable High Security terminals
- High Security Fixed Terminals
- Supply and installation of a power supply cabinet with ERDF counting box.
Innovative aspects of the equipment
The steel cables used are similar to those installed for securing the cliffs.
These security equipments will complement the urban development planning set up as part of the sustainable transformation project of the Promenade des Anglais, without distorting the image of this promenade though the landscape integration of devices.
Other equipment : centre beltrame
This old fort located in the center of Nice will be transformed into a place dedicated to the training of police forces especially during the European Week of Security.
This includes :
- The creation of a CQB (Close Quarters Battle) room with the installation of specific equipments dedicated for close quarter’s battles including a metal footbridge, doors to be smashed in and targets.
- The reconstruction of an urban and public area Including a tarmac road with urban furniture (shops and a village square) to simulate real attacks.
- The refurbishment of an old bus to use for the exercises.
For its part, the City of Torino intends to give priority to the prevention of uncontrolled crowd movements via high-tech tools and does not wish to install fixed equipment on public squares that could distort its cultural heritage and that are not adapted to the specific urban constraints of the city centre marked by an interweaving of narrow streets and complicated issues.
In June 2017, during the projection on maxi screen of the Champions League final, the City of Torino, experienced the effect of a frightened and disoriented crowd in one of its most beautiful squares, Piazza San Carlo. And this without an “attack” but for a series of circumstances generated panic among the people. On that occasion all the defences designed to prevent access to the square of potential unauthorized persons or vehicles, have actually slowed down the outflow of the crowd.
The crowd management
On the basis of this experience, the City of Torino, within the project, rather than focusing on urban furnishings that integrate bollards or infrastructures designed to control the access to public spaces, proposes an approach based on the crowd management. Piazza Vittorio Veneto, chosen as a demonstrator site, will be equipped with technologies to monitor the crowd (integrating the already existing infrastructure and taking into consideration the “non bunkerisation” aspect).
This monitoring is not only based on video surveillance systems but also on the exploitation and integration of other data flows, allowing the identification of critical issues in real time and the improvement of management of the flow and outflow of large numbers of people in terms of security and safety, for a better governance of events by the Authorities.
Focus on Piazza Vittorio
Piazza Vittorio is one of the most important squares in Torino, located in the historic centre of the city.
- Acquisition of 8 cameras integrated with the existing ones in a new video-surveillance system on a “video analysis platform” able to provide in real time facial recognition and track the behavior of vehicles, objects and people to identify anomalies and generate alert.
- Integration of 6 outdoor sensors for detecting mobile devices’identifier into the square and feeding a data platform.
The City of Liege has so far focused its public spaces securing strategy on social causes leading to internal terrorist risk coming from radicalization phenomenon : it has developed an active radicalization prevention strategy based on 5 key elements :
- Prevention by teaching : to reinforce youth resilience towards radicalization, the City of Liege organizes several educative actions in schools, neighborhood associations and sport clubs.
- General public awareness-raising : Raise awareness within the population about peaceful coexistence, tolerance and dialogue. Several actions are organized: victim’s oral witnesses, civic debates… First line agents training: several training sessions have been co-organized with the University of Liege for first line educators and people working with vulnerable youth. The courses focalize on sensible information management and vigilance indexes.
- Psycho-social follow-up of radicalized youth : the city works in collaboration with the Faculty of Psychology of the University of Liege to put in practice a follow-up program based entirely on voluntary work and promote disengagement.
- Dialogue and exchange of information : Liege participates in several collaboration efforts focused on the exchange of useful data between partner entities at the national and international level.
Focus on Saint Lambert Square
However the City of Liege has decided to invest in physical equipments to reinforce the security of its public spaces in the framework of PACTESUR.
The city of Liège will secure two very busy sites : Saint Lambert Square and Le Carré area with the installation of 20 meters of removable innovative barriers.
This device, known as Pitagone system, is capable of stopping a vehicle launched at a medium speed. It makes it possible to secure access to areas deemed to be at risk. They are capable of resisting the impact of a 7,5 tons vehicle launched at 48 km/h.
For greater ease of deployment, anti-rams barriers are fully modular and can be adapted to all surfaces and terrains (including footpaths, slopes, sidewalks…). The modules composing a solution meet a weight and a moderate size for easy storage and transport.